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Perceived differences in social status between speaker and listener affect the speaker's vocal characteristics


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Tipo de publicación

Científica

Tipología

Investigación y estudios

Medio de publicación

Impreso: Artículos de investigación científica o tecnológica T1

Resumen

Non-verbal behaviours, including voice characteristics during speech, are an important way to communicate social status. Research suggests that individuals can obtain high social sta- tus through dominance (using force and intimidation) or through prestige (by being knowl- edgeable and skilful). However, little is known regarding differences in the vocal behaviour of men and women in response to dominant and prestigious individuals. Here, we tested within-subject differences in vocal parameters of interviewees during simulated job inter- views with dominant, prestigious, and neutral employers (targets), while responding to ques- tions which were classified as introductory, personal, and interpersonal. Wefound that vocal modulations were apparent between responses to the neutral and high-status targets, with participants, especially those who perceived themselves as low in dominance, increasing fundamental frequency (F0) in response to the dominant and prestigious targets relative to the neutral target. Self-perceived prestige, however, was less related to contextual vocal modulations than self-perceived dominance. Finally, we found that differences in the context of the interview questions participants were asked to respond to (introductory, personal, interpersonal), also affected their vocal parameters, being more prominent in responses to personal and interpersonal questions. Overall, our results suggest that people adjust their vocal parameters according to the perceived social status of the listener as well as their own self-perceived social status.

Autores

Juan David Leongómez
Viktoria R. Mileva
Anthony C. Little
S. Craig Roberts

Registro ISSN

1932-6203

DOI Artículo Digital Perceived differences in social status be...cteristics
SNIES Área

Psychology

SNIES Categoría

Psychology (miscellaneous)

Fecha de publicación 14 de junio de 2017
Fecha de aceptación 29 de mayo de 2017
Medio indexado (nombre)

PLOS ONE

Bases de datos donde está referenciada

PubMed, MEDLINE, AGRICOLA, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), EMBASE, FSTA (Food Science and Technology Abstracts), GeoRef, Google Scholar, PsychInfo, Scopus, Web of Science, Zoological Records

English information
Title

Perceived differences in social status between speaker and listener affect the speaker's vocal characteristics

Abstract

Non-verbal behaviours, including voice characteristics during speech, are an important way to communicate social status. Research suggests that individuals can obtain high social status through dominance (using force and intimidation) or through prestige (by being knowledgeable and skilful). However, little is known regarding differences in the vocal behaviour of men and women in response to dominant and prestigious individuals. Here, we tested within-subject differences in vocal parameters of interviewees during simulated job interviews with dominant, prestigious, and neutral employers (targets), while responding to questions which were classified as introductory, personal, and interpersonal. We found that vocal modulations were apparent between responses to the neutral and high-status targets, with participants, especially those who perceived themselves as low in dominance, increasing fundamental frequency (F0) in response to the dominant and prestigious targets relative to the neutral target. Self-perceived prestige, however, was less related to contextual vocal modulations than self-perceived dominance. Finally, we found that differences in the context of the interview questions participants were asked to respond to (introductory, personal, interpersonal), also affected their vocal parameters, being more prominent in responses to personal and interpersonal questions. Overall, our results suggest that people adjust their vocal parameters according to the perceived social status of the listener as well as their own self-perceived social status.

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